"Battles through the Ages" A battlefield tour that spans time, from the 1798 battle of the Pyramids to the 1942 Battle of El Alamein.
Day 1  Arrive Cairo, greeted and escorted to our hotel in the Giza area of Cairo. Day 2  Morning visit to Embaba site of the Battle of the Pyramids. The Battle of the Pyramids, also known as the Battle of Embaba, was fought on July 21, 1798 between the French army in Egypt under Napoleon Bonaparte, and local Mamaluk forces.
Tour Price: £ 1.350 Insurance: £   21 if required Single Supplement: £    150 Group Price: On request Bespoke price: On request Price includes : International flight from the UK to Cairo Visa and Passport registration. All transport in air conditioned buses All transport in 4x4 vehicles All 4/5 Star hotels. All meals (see itinery, B = breakfast, L = lunch, D = dinner) All entrance fees Campaign booklet Battlefield Guide
  It occurred during the French Invasion of Egypt and was the battle where Napoleon put into use one of his significant contributions to tactics, the massive divisional square. Actually a rectangle, the first and second demi-brigades of the division formed the front and rear faces, while the third demi-brigade formed the two sides. Napoleon named the battle after the Egyptian pyramids, although they were only faintly visible on the horizon when the battle took place. After leaving Cairo we make our way to our hotel in Tel el Kebir. (B>L>D) Day 3  Morning visit to the 1882 Tel el Kebir battlefield and cemetery, (the cemetery being located in the Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery in the centre of Tel el Kebir)
  The Battle of Tel el-Kebir was fought between the Egyptian army led by Ahmed Urabi and the British under command of General Wolseley. After discontented Egyptian officers under Urabi rebelled in 1882, Great Britain reacted to protect its financial and expansionist interests in Egypt, and in particular the Suez Canal. We then drive to our hotel in Alexandria and the site of the 1801 battle of Alexandria. (B>L>D) Day 4  A full day in Alexandria visiting sites associated with the battle in which the Gloucestershire regiment won its famous “back badge”.
  The Battle of Alexandria or Battle of Canope, fought on March 21, 1801 between the French army under General Menou and the British expeditionary corps under Sir Ralph Abercrombie, took place near the ruins of Nicopolis, on the narrow spit of land between the sea and Lake Abukir, along which the British troops had advanced towards Alexandria after the actions of Abukir on March 8 and Mandora on March 13. After our day in Alexandria we will drive to our hotel in El Alamein. (B>L>D) Day 5  A full day on the 1942 El Alamein battlefield, visiting the war cemeteries, museum and surrounding area.
  The Second Battle of El Alamein marked a major turning point in the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. The battle lasted from 23rd October to 4th November 1942. The First Battle of El Alamein in July 1942 had stalled the German advance. Thereafter, Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery took command of the British Eighth Army from General Claude Auchinleck in August 1942. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign. It ended Axis hopes of occupying Egypt, taking control of the Suez Canal, and gaining access to the Middle Eastern oil fields. Overnight in El Alamein. (B>L>D) Day 6  Drive to Mersa Matruh, free time in the town or relaxing by the beach at our hotel. (B>L>D) Day 7  Today we examine the Senussi War and in 4x4 desert vehicles we drive towards Sidi Barrani and the 1916 battlefield of Agagia.
  The battle of Agagia (or Aqqaqia), 26 February 1916, saw the defeat of the Senussi along the Egyptian coast and where the Queens Own Dorset Yeomanry made one of the last true cavalry charges in history. The original three-pronged plan for the uprising had involved attacks on the narrow coastal strip west of the Nile, on the line of oases in the Western Desert and a revolt in Darfur aimed at Khartoum. The Turks and the Germans hoped to inspire a wider revolt in Egypt at a time when the British garrison of Egypt was particularly weak. In the event the two attacks on Egypt were separated by four months. The attack along the coast began in November 1915, that on the oases in February 1916. Overnight in Mersa Matruh. (B>L>D) Day 8  Return to Cairo. Optional tours available i.e. Pyramid Light Show or Nile River cruise and dinner. (B>L>D) Day 9  Return flight to the UK or other destination. (B)